Directory of Sabbath-Observing Groups

Directory of Sabbath-Observing Groups
by the Bible Sabbath Association

Now in its 11th edition, the directory of Sabbath-Observing Groups is available to order!

This directory lists hundreds of Sabbath Keeping churches all over North America. There are seven categories of churches in this directory:

  • Seventh-Day Baptists
  • Seventh-Day Adventists
  • Church of God (Seventh Day)
  • World Wide Church of God Successor Movements
  • The Sacred Names Movement
  • The Messianic Movement
  • Non-Aligned Groups (Independent)

There is a section briefly explaining each one of these groups.

This is a must have document, especially if you will be traveling out of town!

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A Brief Exegesis of Hebrews 10:1-4

A Brief Exegesis of Hebrews 10:1-4

By Kelly McDonald, Jr.

Hebrews 10:1-4

“1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. 2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins. 3 But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year. 4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.” (KJV)

Among the more misunderstood passages in the Bible is Hebrews 10:1-4. Some say that these verses declare the entire law of God, including the Ten Commandments, to be a shadow that is no longer relevant. However, a deeper understanding of the Bible will give us a more accurate point of view.

First of all, it is important that we correctly understand the word LAW. The Greek word translated as LAW is NOMOS. It is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew word TORAH. The term LAW in the Bible can be specific OR generic; the context matters!

The term Law (as well as Nomos or Torah) is a generic word meaning teaching and instruction. Thus, it can refer to anything in the Bible that is instruction. It can also refer to specific sections of the Bible that contain teaching and instruction. I have some examples below.

Jesus quoted the Psalms in John 15:25 and called it LAW. “But this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law [NOMOS], ‘They hated me without a cause.’” This quote is found in Psalms 35:19, 69:4. Paul used the term law when he quoted from the book of Isaiah. “In the law [NOMOS] it is written, With men of other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the Lord” (1 Corinthians 14:21). This is a quote from Isaiah 28:11, 33:19.

The term law can also be specific. In this usage, it refers to instructions given to specific people for a specific application. Many specific laws refer to the Aaronic priesthood and sacrifices. I have listed a few examples below:

Leviticus 6:9

“Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law [TORAH] of the burnt offering: It is the burnt offering, because of the burning upon the altar all night unto the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be burning in it.”

Leviticus 6:14

“And this is the law [TORAH] of the meat offering: the sons of Aaron shall offer it before the LORD, before the altar.”

Leviticus 6:25 

“Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, saying, This is law [TORAH]of the sin offering: In the place where the burnt offering is killed shall the sin offering be killed before the LORD: it is most holy.”

 Leviticus 7:37

This is the law [TORAH] of the burnt offering, of the meat offering, and of the sin offering, and of the trespass offering, and of the consecrations, and of the sacrifice of the peace offerings;

These are just a few of many examples we could use. At the end of Leviticus chapter 7, God closes out the preceding chapters by saying “THIS is the LAW of…”, which signifies specific laws for the priesthood applied to specific sacrifices. With this understanding, let us examine the verses in question a second time.

Hebrews 10:1-4

“1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. 2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins. 3 But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year. 4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.” (KJV)

The context gives us how we should apply the term law in this specific passage. Notice how often the term sacrifice is used in these four verses.  Also, bulls and goats are specifically mentioned.  The author mentions “…the very image of the things”. The Greek word translated as image is eikon, and it is where we derive the English word icon. In other words, bulls and goats are not in the image of the perfect sacrifice they represented; they are shadows.

Just a few verses later, the writer states: “By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all” (Hebrews 10:10). Christ is the image of God; He came bearing the likeness of mankind (Col. 1:15, Phil. 2:7). He is not a shadow – He is the real thing!

Thus, Hebrews 10:1-4 are plainly referring to the specific law of sacrifice. The Ten Commandments are not shadows; to say so is denying eternal truths. Those who say the Ten Commandments are shadows have not thought out the implications of such reasoning. For instance, consider the first commandment. Is worshiping only the True God a shadow? Absolutely NOT! God’s commandments are eternal truths that will never fade away.

As you read the New Testament, be aware that some references to LAW are generic and others are specific. It takes a careful study of the Word of God and discernment from God’s Spirit to know the difference. 2 Tim. 2:15


Kelly McDonald, Jr.

BSA President

In the Beginning Creation According to Genesis



In the Beginning Creation According to Genesis

by David Rives

The Holy Bible contains a historical record of the world from the time of creation. That record begins in the book of Genesis, which in the Greek language means “Origins.” In the original Hebrew it is known as “B’reshit” — Beginning — and in the very first sentence, the foundation of the whole Bible, we learn that “In the beginning, God created the heaven and the earth.” So let’s start at the VERY beginning.

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The Land Sabbath in Modern Israel

The Land Sabbath in Modern Israel

by Doug Ward, Ph.D.


“Rest can be hard to come by in twenty-first century Western societies. With so much to do, it is all too easy for us to become enslaved to our busy schedules. The Bible gives indications that our Creator did not intend for us to live such restless and hurried lives. In Genesis 2:1-3 we read that God rested on the seventh day of the creation week, setting an example for mankind. Later, in proclaiming the Decalogue from Mt. Sinai, God reminded the children of Israel of that example

(Exod. 20:8-11).
The weekly Sabbath is one of the foundations of the Torah, God’s wise and loving instruction for his people. The Torah also makes provision for the land of Israel to “rest” every seven years (see Exod. 23:10-11; Lev. 25:1-7). In a sabbatical year (known in Jewish tradition as a “shemittah year,” from a Hebrew word in Exod. 23:11 that means “let drop”), farmers are not to plant seed, prune their trees, or harvest crops. For that year the land becomes public property, and people may take what grows by itself according to their needs. The seventh year is also a time for cancellation of debts (Deut. 15:1-2) and release of indentured servants (Deut.  15:12-18).
The sabbatical commandments of the Torah are designed to maintain and strengthen the relationship between God and his people….”
(this article is an excerpt from the May-June 2005 edition of the Sabbath Sentinel)


To read the rest of this article, which starts on page 4, click this link:

Laying Down Your Burdens for Sabbath

Laying Down Your Burdens for Sabbath

By Kelly McDonald, Jr.

In Jeremiah 17:19-27, God spoke through the Prophet Jeremiah to correct the people of Judah. The people at that time were working on the Sabbath and carrying heavy loads through the gates of Jerusalem. We know that God was speaking to the people of Judah on a literal level. He wanted them to completely obey the Sabbath, which includes abstaining from work.

However, we know that physical burdens can have a figurative connotation to it. Paul wrote: “Bear one another’s burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ” (Gal. 6:2). The Greek word translated as ‘burdens’ refers to something that is heavy.

In the figurative sense, a burden is anything that weighs on your mind and thoughts. It involves pressure, expectations, and stress. Burdens distract us from focusing on the task at hand. Some people are burdened about a situation at work. Others may be hindered by difficult financial circumstances. Those attending school (of all ages, including college), may be weighed down mentally by an important assignment or a test coming up. There can be family problems involving parents, children, or grandchildren.  Of course, national and international events can also keep us mentally occupied.

We all have mental burdens. These can cause us to exert emotional energy. Moreover, they can cause physical fatigue. As a result, burdens can easily distract us from Sabbath observance. During the week,w e pick up these burdens because we might have to take a test at school, deal with a difficult situation or address certain people. However, the Sabbath is the time to lay down them down.

In our fast-paced world, it is imperative that we slow down, recognize these burdens and put them down before we enter into the Sabbath rest. It will take time and practice to put this concept into its full use.

Here is how I began to implement this notion: I took 15-30 minutes before Sabbath started to sit down and take a deep breath. I recognized my burdens and let them go; I prayed and asked God to help me put them down. It took me time to hone this discipline, but it has produced results.  Over time, I have noticed myself not picking up those burdens during the Sabbath and even after the Sabbath ends. I have also noticed God working out things that are beyond my control.

Many times worry involves concern about things that have yet to happen. There are things in life that we can control and things we cannot control. Often, our burdens come from things that we cannot control. Often there’s nothing we can do to resolve these issues on Sabbath. The Sabbath teaches us every week to put burdens in God’s hands. He is the Master; He has mastery over things that frustrate us.

Through Christ, learn to take authority over the mountain of your burden and tell it that it cannot come with you into the Sabbath.

“Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.” (I Peter 5:7, KJV)

“29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. 30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.” (Matthew 11:29-30, KJV)

His burden is light. Lay down your burdens and let the Sabbath become a delight!


Kelly McDonald, Jr.

BSA President

History of the Sabbath

Andrews History

History of the Sabbath

By J.N. Andrews

This one of the most important books ever written on the Sabbath. Andrews traces the Biblical and secular history of the seventh-day Sabbath, and the origin of first-day observance. It is a vigorous scriptural and historical defense of the Sabbath.

In this book, you will find convincing evidence to settle this long-drawn controversy between Sabbath and Sunday. You will be amazed to see the kinds of arguments and ways in which Sunday defenders tried to make it sacred – and how flawed these arguments are.

A thorough examination is essential for everyone to take a stand on this question. The evidence is here. May God grant you a willing heart, in order that you may stand by His side and His people, regardless of temporal consequences, for it is written, “We ought to obey God rather than men” (Acts 5:29).

To order this thorough and exception book, click the link below!

Sabbath Meditation #2 – The Image of God

Sabbath Meditation #2 – The Image of God

by Kelly McDonald, Jr.

“So God created man in his own image in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them” (Gen. 1:27).

“2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made” (Gen. 2:2-3, KJV).

Humans were made in the image of God. In other words, God left an imprint of Himself in us. This important truth has an interesting relationship to the Sabbath. After God made mankind, He rested on the Sabbath. This makes humans inseparably connected to this special day. Since we are made in His image, every human is made with the innate need to rest on the seventh day.

It also means that the physical, emotional, mental, and societal problems prevalent among humanity can be linked in some degree to a lack of Sabbath observance. As aforementioned, our Creator endowed us with traits similar to Himself. The need for the Sabbath rest is a special part of God placed within us. We need it as part of a fully functioning life.

On His special day, we have the opportunity to make a unique, special connection to Him that is not available at any other time during the week. No creature God made can connect to Him in the same way that we can – we are made in His image. The desire to connect to Him in this way calls out from within the deepest parts of our being. Sabbath observance aids us in our journey to reflect His image on earth.

Consider the 1,000 year reign of Christ on earth. One of the reasons that this time period will be so abundant and successful is because every human alive will have a collective consciousness of the true Sabbath. In other words, humanity will have the collective effort of the image of God working in total harmony and unity to properly represent that image. This will enable the entire world to experience the full force of a six-day work week followed by the full effect and influence of the seventh-day rest. This is a synergy that will generate more productivity and more rest than man’s ways ever hoped to accomplish.

The Sabbath completed creation. We are not complete without it.




Kelly McDonald, Jr

BSA President

The Ten Commandments Twice Removed

Ten Commandments

The Ten Commandments Twice Removed

By Danny Shelton and Shelly Quinn

Has the church been guilty of discarding the Decalogue?

A backlash of attention to the Ten Commandments–unleashed by recent U.S. court rulings–rallied Christians in defense of its public display. Amid the cresendo of concern, a lone voice vies for attention, “If you love Me, keep my commandments” (John 14:15).

Is our defense of the Ten Commandments triggered simply by a sentimental interest of Christian culture? Is it posssible the Church stands before God as guilty as our government for discarding the Decalogue? With unflinching conviction, the authors join their voices with great Christian leaders like Billy Graham, D. L. Moody, John Wesley, and Charles Spurgeon, to trumpet the truth– God never revoked His Ten Commandments!

This book answers critical questions with compelling clarity and Bible evidence. Did the Ten Commandment exist before Mt. Sinae? Were they nailed to the cross? How do we de-mystify Paul’s writings about the Law? Does man have authority to change God’s law?

Click the link below to order this book!

Why the BSA?

Why the BSA?

by Richard C. Nickels

 The objectives of the BSA are two-fold: to promote the Sabbath, and to promote co-operation among Sabbath keepers. Let’s focus on the second of these two objectives.

It is not merely “nice” for Sabbath keepers to get to know of each other, occasionally work together, and (perish the thought!) dialog and share information with each other. Seriously, co-operation is critical, it is necessary, to the survival of Sabbatarians. This is true whether you are in a large organization or are an independent Sabbath keeper.

Never before has the Sabbath been under such a sustained attack from so many different sources. Current attacks on the family structure by homosexual activists are also attacks on the Sabbath. God’s seventh-day Sabbath is, after all, a family fellowship day, Exodus 20:10. The media, which includes most newspapers, television, music, movies, and the Internet, are laden with attacks on God and His Holy Sabbath…”

(this article is an excerpt from the January-February 2004 edition of the Sabbath Sentinel)

To read the rest of this article, which starts on page 4, click this link:

Sabbath Keepers In Government (Part 2 of 2)

Sabbath Keepers In Government (Part 2 of 2)

By Bill Lussenheide


Sabbath Observers Who Have Held Political Office

Many believers of the seventh day Sabbath have held political office. Here is a short list of recent office holders who are associated with the Seventh Day Adventist Church…

– Sir Patrick Allen – Governor-General of Jamaica (2009—)

– Roscoe Bartlett – 6th district representative from Maryland

– Percival Austin Bramble Former – Chief Minister of Montserrat British West Indies (1970–1978)

– William Henry Bramble First – Chief Minister of Montserrat British West Indies

– Sir James Carlisle – Governor General of Antigua and Barbuda (1993–2007)

– Nelson Castro – New York State Assemblyman, 86th District, 2008-Present

– Sheila Jackson Lee – U.S. Representative, 18th congressional district of Texas (Houston)

– Sherman McNichols – Chief Magistrate, Trinidad and Tobago.

– Floyd Morris – Jamaican senator and minister of state

– Sam Ongeri – Kenyan Minister for Education

– Desley Scott – Australian politician

– John F. Street – Mayor of the City of Philadelphia (2000–2008)

– Marianne Thieme – A Parliamentary leader in the Dutch House of Representatives

– Jorge Talbot Zavala – Ecuadorian Representative and Secretary of the Camara de Diputados, Quito, Ecuador, 1950-1955.

The Seventh Day Baptists, besides the historic service of Samuel Ward mentioned above, also can lay claim to the service of Jennings Randolph.  Born in Salem WV, in 1902, and a descendant of colonist William Randolph, both his grandfather and father were mayors of Salem. His family line can claim many famous relatives including Robert E. Lee.

Jennings Randolph served in Congress for six consecutive terms from 1933 to 1947. At his death in 1998, he was the last surviving House member from the infamous “100 days” of the first Franklin Roosevelt administration. His legislation includes a bill, which advocated for and provided jobs for the blind, the creation of the Civil Air Patrol, and a bill proposing the creation of a “Department of Peace” after the conclusion of World War II.

In 2016, Seventh Day Adventist Ben Carson was a candidate for the US Presidency, and for a short period of time led the polls and received significant votes in many State Primaries.

The Churches of God from the Armstrong heritage have historically been adverse to service in political office. In spite of this, there have been a few who have served as Alderman, City Council Members, and a couple who have served as Mayors.

In 2010, this article’s author, Bill Lussenheide, a long time Church of God member from those traditions, was a candidate for US Congress in the 45th District of California.  He received the highest percentage vote for a third party candidate for any office in the nation for the Constitution Party, while serving on the Executive Committee Board of that party nationwide. His platform was one of Pro-Life, Pro-Traditional marriage, Faith/Family and Freedom.  Lussenheide has also served twice as a Presidential Elector for the United States electoral college. Lussenheide is the first candidate for major office from his religious heritage.

From The Church of God 7th Day, in a statement received from Calvin Burrell, editor of the church’s magazine, The Bible Advocate and the President of the North American ministerial counsel wrote “I’m happy to assure you that 99% of us in CoG7 have no scruples against public service, including running for and holding elective office.  In fact, we recommend it!”

Sabbath Keeping Ministerial Influence In The United States Senate 

The Chaplain of the United States Senate opens each session of the United States Senate with a prayer, and provides and coordinates religious programs and pastoral care support for Senators, their staffs, and their families. The Chaplain is appointed by a majority vote of the members of the Senate on a resolution nominating an individual for the position. This position was created on the advice of Benjamin Franklin and has existed since 1789.

Chaplain Barry C. Black, a Seventh Day Adventist, is the current Chaplain of the Senate. Prior to his appointment, Black served as Chief Chaplain for the United States Navy, and also served as a Rear Admiral. As Rear Admiral, his personal decorations included the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit Medal, Defense Meritorious Service Medal (two medals), Meritorious Service Medals (two awards), Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medals (two awards), and numerous unit awards, campaign, and service medals.

The Sabbath In The Supreme Court  

There are minimally 14 depictions of the 10 commandments to be found in the Supreme Court building. Several are depicted as in hand with Moses, and others as just the tablets alone. Minimally, it can be stated that the Fourth Commandment is also to be found in the Judicial Branch of government of the United States in the Supreme Court!


Sabbath keepers can take proper pride in the fact that throughout our history they have served with character, integrity and faith at many levels of government. They have contributed in civic duty to their communities and nations. In the saga of America we also see the hand of commandment keeping, Sabbath observing Christians contributing to its rich history.


Bill Lussenheide has been a first generation Sabbath keeper for 42 years. He and his wife Terri reside in Menifee, CA.