Failed Attempts to Change the Seven-Day Cycle

Failed Attempts to Change the Seven-Day Cycle

By Kelly McDonald, Jr.

In the very beginning of the Bible, we learn about creation and the establishment of the seven-day week. During the first six days, God worked to fashion creation. On the seventh day He rested; the day was blessed and set apart from the other six days.

Genesis 2:1-3 reads: “1 And the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2 And on the seventh day God finished his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it; because that in it he rested from all his work which God had created and made.” (ASV)

One of the proofs that God created everything is the seventh-day Sabbath and by extension, the seven-day cycle. The seventh day completed the first week of Creation. Knowledge of the seven-day weekly cycle continued after that time. It was understood in the days of Noah as explained in Genesis chapter 8.

“10 And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark; 11 and the dove came in to him at eventide; and, lo, in her mouth an olive-leaf plucked off: so Noah knew that the waters were abated from off the earth. 12 And he stayed yet other seven days, and sent forth the dove; and she returned not again unto him any more” (Gen 8:10-12).

A further proof that God is the Creator is that there has been a continuous seventh-day cycle from Genesis 1 and 2 until the present.

Did you know that there have been attempts to change the seven-day cycle? ALL of them have resulted in failure! This means there have always been humans observing this cycle despite these attempts. God will not let us forget that the seven-day cycle, culminating with the Sabbath, points us back to the Creator!

We will take a look at some of these failed attempts. It is a valuable lesson for us all to remember.

Among the first attempts to force people to break the seven-day weekly cycle was by the ancient Babylonians. They observed lunar weeks. This means that they waited for the new moon to appear and re-started the week accordingly. They kept a sort of lunar Sabbaths with periodic sabbaths every seventh, fourteenth, nineteenth, twenty first, and twenty eighth days of the month (Sayce, The Higher Criticism and the Verdict of the Monuments, p 74). The problem with this reckoning of time is that their Sabbath fell on different days of the week every month! It also creates weeks that are longer than seven days (because the lunar month is more than 28 days).

Well, this scheme fell apart at some point in history. The Babylonians eventually went back to the seven-day weekly cycle that was started in Genesis. Unfortunately, the lunar Sabbath has made a comeback in recent decades. It is a heretical viewpoint that causes a complete disconnect from God’s seven-day weekly cycle. Anyone who follows this viewpoint is literally going back to Babylon. To learn more about the danger of the lunar sabbath, CLICK HERE.

Another attempt to deviate from God’s original weekly cycle occurred in ancient Egypt. The Israelites dwelt there for four hundred years; they were enslaved for the last portion of their time in that land. During their stay, they became acclimated to some Egyptian ways, which included a 10-day week (Fagan, p 476). This explains why God had to reveal to the Israelites the Sabbath through the giving of the manna (Ex. 16). Eventually, the Egyptians went back to the seven-day week. The Greek peoples would also try the ten-day week without success.

Going back as far as the eighth century BC, the ancient Romans used the eight-day week. Every eighth day was called nundinae or market day. By the first century BC, the seven-day week increased in popularity. They had a dual system of reckoning weeks for a time! By the fifth century, only the seven-day cycle was used.

In modern times, humanity has tended to look upon ancient peoples with condescension. To sober ourselves from these thoughts on this subject, I will provide you with some modern examples where humans tried to deviate from God’s weekly cycle.

In 1788, the Frenchman Pierre-Sylvain Marechal developed a new calendar. It had a much different reckoning of time than the Gregorian Calendar. A ten-day week was recommended with three weeks making one month. Each month was renamed to fit the season in which it occurred. It was instituted in 1793 and is commonly called the French republican calendar. It lasted until Napoleon was proclaimed Emperor in 1806; the seven-day week was reinstituted.

Note: The French word for Saturday is Samedi; it comes from the vulgar Latin word sambati dies, meaning Sabbath day.

In 1929, the USSR instituted a five-day work week. The goal was two-fold. First, the Soviets wanted to maximize their work force and keep machines running non-stop. People were assigned random rest periods during these five days. The second goal was to make religious adherence to any Sabbath by Christians, Jews, or Muslims impossible. Neither goal was met; machines broke down and people were not always off work at the same time as other family and friends. This caused people to experience a social disconnect with friends and family and thus a type of social disintegration began. Furthermore, it resulted in decreased productivity. After two years they moved to a six-day work week. By 1940, they abandoned the project and reinstituted the original seven-day week (Frost).

Note: the Russian word for Saturday is subbota, which means Sabbath.

These historical examples show attempts by mankind to disconnect humanity from our Creator. God instituted the seven-day weekly cycle and the Sabbath in Genesis. It was established by HIM, so any attempts to go contrary to it will result in failure. Furthermore, these examples show us that God will never allow us to fully separate from His timing; our way does not work. Every seven days we are reminded that God created all things, including time itself.  

Kelly McDonald, Jr.

BSA President –


Works Referenced

Catholic Encyclopedia 1910: General Chronology, French Revolution

Encyclopedia Britannica 11th edtion: Calendar

Encyclopedia Britannica online: Pierre-Sylvain Maréchal

Fagan, Brian M. ed. The Oxford Companion to Archaeology. Vol. 1. Oxford University Press. New York, 1996. p 476.

Frost, Natasha. “For 11 Years, the Soviet Union Had No Weekends.” August 30 2018.

Sayce, A.H. The “Higher Criticism” and the Verdict of the Monuments. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1910. p 74.

Anna the Prophetess And the Hope of All Israel

Anna the Prophetess And the Hope of All Israel

by Doug Ward

“Traditional Christian nativity scenes give a convenient visual summary of people and events connected with the birth of Jesus. They generally include Mary, Joseph, and the infant Jesus, with a manger and animals, often accompanied by shepherds, angels, and magi.

As with any shorthand representation of reality, a nativity scene sacrifices some precision and detail for the sake of simplicity. Nativity scenes that include both shepherds and magi collapse together two separate events, since the magi probably arrived in Bethlehem some months after the shepherds. A more accurate portrayal would require two separate scenes, one at a manger and another at the house visited by the magi (Matt. 2:11).

In between the two Bethlehem snapshots we could insert a third scene, at the temple complex in Jerusalem. About six weeks after the birth of Jesus, his family traveled from Bethlehem to Jerusalem to present the offerings prescribed in Lev. 12 (Luke 2:22-24). In this scene Jesus and his parents are joined by Simeon, an old man who blesses God for the coming of the Messiah and prophesies about the implications of Jesus’ birth (Luke 2:25-35); and by Anna, an elderly widow who also rejoices in the birth of the Messiah.

Although this third scene is sometimes overlooked—it is not included in the movie The Nativity Story, for example—it has much to teach us. From the fact that Joseph and Mary made the trip to Jerusalem, we learn that they were observant Jews, careful to carry out the requirements of the Torah…”

(this article is an excerpt from the July–August 2011 edition of the Sabbath Sentinel)

To read the rest of this article, which starts on page 5, click this link:

Sabbath Meditation #27 – He’s Not Finished With You

Sabbath Meditation #27 – He’s Not Finished With You

By Kelly McDonald, Jr.

“For somewhere he has spoken about the seventh day in these words: “On the seventh day God rested from all his works…9 There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God; 10 for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from their works, just as God did from his.” (Hebrews 4:4, 9-10)

“My Father is always at his work to this very day, and I, too, am working. For this reason the Jews tried all the harder to kill him; not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God” (John 5:18).

On the seventh day God rested from the work of creating. In the first six days He made everything and set forth the processes that would continue His Creation to our present day (such as the Law of Biogenesis). While His work of physical creation was finished by the seventh day, the work of leading man towards His will still goes on.

When we first repent for our sins (Acts 2:38), we become a new creature in Christ. “Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, the new creation has come: The old has gone, the new is here!” (2 Cor. 5:17)

But God’s work in us is not completed at that very moment. We still have lessons to learn; He has character to build within us. “…being confident of this, that he who began a good work in you will carry it on to completion until the day of Christ Jesus” (Phil. 1:6).

When Jesus came to earth, He showed us the true meaning of keeping the Sabbath. The religious leaders of His day had added unnecessary rules to the Sabbath and accused Him of transgressing God’s commandment. Jesus merely violated their man-made rules!

As we reviewed in the last Sabbath Meditation, there is a difference between God’s holy work and our own personal work. The Sabbath is a reminder that He is not finished with you. While we will all make mistakes, He is still doing His great spiritual work within you. He is still teaching, healing, and refining you to be His ambassador on earth and a priest in His Kingdom.

Spend time considering the work God has done in you, is doing within you, and will do through you in the future. On the Sabbath we are reminded of the scripture: “I know whom I have believed, and am convinced that he is able to guard what I have entrusted to him until that day” (2 Tim. 1:12).

Let continue to finish His perfect work in you; He is faithful to bring it to completion.


Kelly McDonald, Jr.

BSA President –

Hebron Home Has Filled Our Hearts

Hebron Home Has Filled Our Hearts

by Invar

“If there ever was a place to fill your hearts with absolute joy, it is with the Sagar Jalli family and ministry at Hebron Home.

If there was ever a place to fill your hearts with heart-wrenching sadness, it is having to say goodbye to brethren, family and children at Hebron whom fill your hearts beyond what you would expect in such a very short time.

The five days at Hebron Home have been the most uplifting, busy and inspiring start to a mission trip since Kardias began them in 2008. Hebron left such an impact, Rienne and Marissa are discussing coming back to Hebron again perhaps within a year to stay for a month to serve the orphans and ministry here.

At our arrival, we were greeted with a hero’s welcome, the energy from the children who are all excited to tell you their names and expect you to remember it, was a small glimpse into the full schedule we would participate in during our stay at Hebron.

The orphans at Hebron are well taught in the scriptures as their day begins in prayer and Bible classes, so it was a delight for us to expand on their biblical understanding with our theme of the Fiery Furnace…”

(this article is an excerpt from the July–August 2012 edition of the Sabbath Sentinel)

To read the rest of this article, which starts on page 12, click this link:

German Sabbath Keepers in Pennsylvania

German Sabbath Keepers in Pennsylvania

“Under the leadership of Conrad Beissel in 1728, a group of German Baptists (Dunkers) in Lancaster County, PA separated from their brethren over the issue of the Sabbath. They formed a self-sufficient, monastic community at a place now known as the Ephrata Cloister. German Seventh Day Baptists, as they called themselves, had one of the earliest printing presses in the colonies. They produced the Martyrs’ Mirror (a work similar to John Foxe’s The Book of Martyrs, originally in Dutch), Continental currency, and translations of the Declaration of Independence for distribution in other countries.

German Seventh Day Baptists had the first Sabbath School (several years before Robert Raikes started a similar movement in England) until 1777 when the Revolutionary War necessitated another use for the buildings. After the battle of Brandywine, on September 11 of that year, the Brothers and Sisters cared for five hundred sick and wounded soldiers at the Cloister. Although two hundred soldiers died (and were buried on the Cloister farm), the majority recovered sufficiently to return to their homes. The toll on the community, however, was considerable, in people and in property. Disease killed many of the residents, and those who remained had to burn some of the buildings to limit the contagion.

The members of the Ephrata community established branch societies elsewhere in southern PA, including one at Snowhill (Franklin County) in 1758 and another at Salemville (Bedford County) in 1763. The work at Snowhill originally had a monastic group of men and women as well as representatives from the surrounding area who attended the church there. The work at Salemville had no monastic element; the congregation consisting exclusively of members from the community.

The devastating affects of the Revolutionary War and the limited attraction of monastic living eventually led to the decline and demise of the work at Ephrata. The State Historical Society assumed responsibility for the property in 1939 and has restored many of the buildings. A similar trend away from monasticism affected Snow Hill. By 1900, the last member of the monastic society there had passed away, although the church continued until the early 2000s with a small group meeting each Sabbath. The Salemville church did not suffer the same fate. Although not a large congregation, it maintains an active ministry of worship, study, fellowship, and outreach.

German Seventh-Day Baptists have enjoyed good relations with their Seventh Day Baptist English brethren, going as far back as 1725 when Able Noble, an English SDB minister from Philadelphia, encouraged Beissel to take a stand on the Sabbath issue. Most differences that once separated the two groups (e.g., language) no longer exist. In 1968, the Salemville church, although not part of the English Conference, joined the regional body of that group (now called the Appalachian Association) to promote common interests in camping and youth ministries.”

Information taken from the German Seventh Day Baptist historical site:

New Booklet Available for Free Download!

Exciting News!

The BSA has a brand new booklet available for FREE download.

“How Did Sunday Become the First Day of the Week?”
by Kelly McDonald, Jr.
(BSA President)

How did a day, which was unnamed in the Bible, come to be called Sunday? In this work you will learn the four factors that contributed to this development, which impacted the seventh-day Sabbath.

To read this FREE book, just click on the picture below!

Sabbath Meditation #26 –Our Work Versus His Work

Sabbath Meditation #26 –Our Work Versus His Work

By Kelly McDonald, Jr.

“13 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 14 but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God…” (Deut. 5:13-14)

“On the Sabbath day, make an offering of two lambs a year old without defect, together with its drink offering and a grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil. This is in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering.” (Numbers 28:9-10)

“This bread is to be set out before the Lord regularly, Sabbath after Sabbath, on behalf of the Israelites, as a lasting covenant” (Lev. 24:8).

“My Father is always at his work to this very day, and I, too, am working. For this reason the Jews tried all the harder to kill him; not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.” (John 5:18).

God recognizes the work we must do to take care of our own lives. In the Ten Commandments, He calls it “Your Work.” We work to provide for ourselves and our families. There are various chores and errands to complete throughout the week. He also gives us six days to accomplish these tasks—which is 85.8% of our week. We serve a very reasonable God.

In the fourth commandment, the six days for our work is juxtaposed with the Sabbath rest. “…but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God…” (Deut. 5:14). If there is a time during the first six days of the week for “your work” then the seventh day must involve some sort of action for the Lord our God.

In the Old Covenant, God gave the priests of Aaron certain tasks to complete every day. In Numbers 28:1-8, we learn that the priests had to make two offerings every day (one in the evening and one in the morning). In verses 9 and 10, we learn that they had to make twice as many on the Sabbath. In Leviticus 24:5-9, we learn that the priests had to make twelve loaves of bread and set them out on the golden table of Shewbread every Sabbath. I have read estimates that each loaf probably weighed between 7 and 10 pounds. The priests had more work on the Sabbath than they did on common days!

How could this be? As always, the wonderful words of Jesus will help us understand more.

In John chapter 5, Jesus saw a man by the pool who had been an invalid for thirty-eight years. He told him, “Get up! Pick up your mat and walk” (John 5:8). The man was healed and began to walk immediately. The Pharisees became indignant. They accused Christ of breaking the Sabbath because He commanded this man to take His mat and walk. Jesus responded to their accusations by saying that He and the Father have always been at work (John 5:18, quoted above).

The first thing to understand about John chapter 5 is that Christ did not break the Sabbath. He simply told the man to walk with his mat as the evidence for his healing. There is not a single commandment against doing this in the whole Bible. Jesus transgressed the Pharisees’ man-made rule, not God’s law.

In the gospels, Jesus publicly read the Scriptures, taught and prayed for others on the Sabbath. He was active in doing His Father’s work. John chapter 5 is just one example. Christ and the Father engage in holy work on the Sabbath. This is a lesson for us. When the Sabbath begins, our common work ceases, but our holy work is just beginning.

The Sabbath is a call to rest, but it is also a call to action. Jesus set the example for us. Many Sabbath churches rent a facility. Someone must set up/operate speakers and sound systems to have service. Someone must lead the music service. Someone must lead prayer. Someone must preach/teach a message. Someone must teach the Sabbath school classes. Someone must help organize it all! Do not forget that we should continually encourage and admonish one another in love. The study of the Word of God should not be neglected. We can pray for others. These things facilitate the functioning of the Body; if everyone contributes a little bit then it builds up the whole that much better.

We are expected to act for the Lord on Sabbath. He died for us; we are priests for His Kingdom. “…to him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood, and has made us to be a kingdom and priests to serve his God and Father…” (Rev. 1:5b-6a).

Jesus’ actions condemned the Pharisees, who taught against doing even holy work on the holiest day of the week. They restricted those things which God did not, such as prayer for the sick, yet they allowed things He did not approve of (such as putting burdens on people and plotting to harm Jesus).

Consider the holy work that you can do on the Sabbath as a priest in the Kingdom of God. It is only 14.2% of our week; we can definitely take the time to serve Him.


Kelly McDonald, Jr.

BSA President

Music and Worship

Music and Worship

by Whaid Guscott Rose

“Worship isn’t music. That is to say, music is not a foundational element of worship; one can worship without it. But music plays an integral role in private and corporate worship; it can assist and enhance it. That may be the reason that a hymnbook is in the middle of the Bible, replete with invitations to sing and play instruments of praise, to make music to the Lord. The pages of Scripture, beyond the Psalms, testify to the importance and power of song.

Yet we must face the brutal facts about music in relation to worship.

Plainly said, music is one of the most divisive elements in the life of the church. Why? Because music is powerful; nothing stirs our emotions quite like it. Music reflects our worldview (the way we see God and the world around us) and the things most important to us. And music is largely influenced by the surrounding culture and its emerging art forms.

For these reasons, we are rightly concerned about the potential for manipulation, about undue cultural influences on our worship, and we bristle at musical styles and art forms that do not reflect our values…”

(this article is an excerpt from the May–June 2014 edition of the Sabbath Sentinel)

To read the rest of this article, which starts on page 10, click this link:

Protestant Confessions About the Sabbath (Part 2 of 2)

Protestant Confessions About the Sabbath (Part 2 of 2)

Protestant theologians and preachers from a wide spectrum of denominations have been quite candid in admitting that there is no Biblical authority for observing Sunday as a sabbath.

If you didn’t get a chance to read part 1 of this series, CLICK HERE


Andreas Karlstadt, Regarding The Sabbath and other Statutory Holy Days, sec 10

“If servants have worked for six days, they are to have the seventh day off God says without distinction, ‘Remember to celebrate the seventh day.’ He does not say that we must keep Sunday or Saturday as the seventh day. It is no secret that human beings instituted Sunday. As for Saturday, the matter is still being debated.”

The Sunday Problem , a study book of the United Lutheran Church (1923), p. 36.

“We have seen how gradually the impression of the Jewish sabbath faded from the mind of the Christian Church, and how completely the newer thought underlying the observance of the first day took possession of the church. We have seen that the Christians of the first three centuries never confused one with the other, but for a time celebrated both.”

Augsburg Confession of Faith art. 28; written by Melanchthon, approved by Martin Luther, 1530; as published in The Book of Concord of the Evangelical Lutheran Church Henry Jacobs, ed. (1911), p. 63.

“They [Roman Catholics] refer to the Sabbath Day, a shaving been changed into the Lord’s Day, contrary to the Decalogue, as it seems. Neither is there any example whereof they make more than concerning the changing of the Sabbath Day. Great, say they, is the power of the Church, since it has dispensed with one of the Ten Commandments!”

Dr. Augustus Neander, The History of the Christian Religion and Church Henry John Rose, tr. (1843), p. 186.

“The festival of Sunday, like all other festivals, was always only a human ordinance, and it was far from the intentions of the apostles to establish a Divine command in this respect, far from them, and from the early apostolic Church, to transfer the laws of the Sabbath to Sunday.”

John Theodore Mueller, Sabbath or Sunday , pp. 15, 16.

“But they err in teaching that Sunday has taken the place of the Old Testament Sabbath and therefore must be kept as the seventh day had to be kept by the children of Israel …. These churches err in their teaching, for Scripture has in no way ordained the first day of the week in place of the Sabbath. There is simply no law in the New Testament to that effect.”


Harris Franklin Rall, Christian Advocate, July 2, 1942, p.26.

“Take the matter of Sunday. There are indications in the New Testament as to how the church came to keep the first day of the week as its day of worship, but there is no passage telling Christians to keep that day, or to transfer the Jewish Sabbath to that day.”

John Wesley, The Works of the Rev. John Wesley, A.M., John Emory, ed. (New York: Eaton & Mains), Sermon 25,vol. 1, p. 221.

“But, the moral law contained in the ten commandments, and enforced by the prophets, he [Christ] did not take away. It was not the design of his coming to revoke any part of this. This is a law which never can be broken …. Every part of this law must remain in force upon all mankind, and in all ages; as not depending either on time or place, or any other circumstances liable to change, but on the nature of God and the nature of man, and their unchangeable relation to each other.”

Dwight L. Moody

  1. L. Moody, Weighed and Wanting (Fleming H. Revell Co.: New York), pp. 47, 48.

“The Sabbath was binding in Eden, and it has been in force ever since. This fourth commandment begins with the word ‘remember,’ showing that the Sabbath already existed when God wrote the law on the tables of stone at Sinai. How can men claim that this one commandment has been done away with when they will admit that the other nine are still binding?”


  1. C. Blake, D.D., Theology Condensed, pp.474, 475.

“The Sabbath is a part of the decalogue – the Ten Commandments. This alone forever settles the question as to the perpetuity of the institution . . . . Until, therefore, it can be shown that the whole moral law has been repealed, the Sabbath will stand . . . . The teaching of Christ confirms the perpetuity of the Sabbath.”

The “Lost” Parable

The “Lost” Parable

By K.W. Gardner

“‘Either what woman having ten pieces of silver, if she lose one, doth not light a candle and sweep the house, and seek diligently till she find it? And when she hath found it, she calleth her friends and her neighbours together saying, Rejoice with me; for I have found the piece which I had lost’ (Luke 15:8-9).

The text before us is the shortest parable in the Bible; two verses. We call it the “lost” parable because the full meaning seems to have been lost with the silver. It is fitting, in view of the lateness of the hour, that we should study it, with other scriptures, for meaning intended to be seen in the light of these last days.

The “Shepherd and Lost Sheep” parable is symbolic of the Savior and the ignorantly sinful. The sheep wandered away and got lost without giving the matter any thought. If the sheep thought at all, it thought it was doing right well, thank you, as it skipped and frolicked through the afternoon. The world is full of people like that…”

(this article is an excerpt from the October 1970 edition of the Sabbath Sentinel)

To read the rest of this article, which starts on page 3, click this link: